What is the Business Sector?

The business sector is a labor term that refers to an economic sector or a part of a domestic economy. It considers being one of the four parts of an economy when measured using a property-based system. The corporate industry includes the part of the economy that operates for profit.

It does not include economic factors in personal households, government, or non-profit organizations. Other property-based economic sectors include the private sector, the community sector, and the public sector.

In everyday use, most often by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in the United States, the term business sector usually refers to observed business interests in contrast to organizations classified in other sectors. Determining how to rank companies within economic sectors may seem complicated, but it is pretty simple. Organizations in the corporate sector are run for profit and not owned by the government. The private sector includes the economy’s part related to private households, such as a family with one, two, or no employed parents. Government organizations, such as driver license departments and the postal service, are considered to belong to the public sector,

When organizations classify by ownership sector, they are not always classified by industry. As a result, businesses can offer the same type of service while being classified into different sectors based on ownership. For example, although the United States Post Office (USPS) handles the delivery of packages and documents as United Parcel Service (UPS), the USPS is considered a public or state sector, while UPS measures within the commercial part of the economy.

Importance of Business Sector

The importance of the unique business sector comes from the significant differences between a company that operates in the primary industry and a company that provides a service. There are also substantial differences between companies within the same sector. For example, a coal mine and a farm area are in the primary sector, but they are very dissimilar.

Also, a business that produces chocolate is diverse from a business that makes car tires, but you will find them in the same industry. Business sectors comprise a variety of other companies.

Some are small; some are big. Also, Some can configure as corporations, partnerships, or individuals. And also, Some may be home-based, while others operate in dozens of factories across the country. The sectors of the economy are an integral part of the economic cycle of countries or regions.

The primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors unify and round the economy in private enterprise. Therefore, to understand more about a country’s economy, it is enough to analyze which of the three industries is more important or prominent for the economic activities of a given territory. Then, depending on the economic development, it is possible to understand which sector is predominant.

Most urbanized countries, for example, do not spend much on the primary sector. On the other hand, underdeveloped countries have family farming as their primary or only source of income.

Sectors of the Economy

business sector

Primary sector

The primary sector of the economy form by activities that extract raw materials from nature, thus working with natural resources or direct products.

With this, we have the following productive kindling that makes up this segment:





Mineral extractives

Plant extractives

The primary sector comprises agricultural and extractive activities, such as mining and plant extraction.

It also considers that packaging and transferring merchandise originating from this sector to the market or the transformation industries is part of the primary sector. It is also noteworthy that a large part of the raw material used in the transformation industry comes from this sector.

Secondary Sector

The secondary sector of the economy aggregates the activity of industries from very dissimilar fields. It is made up of industrial activities. Most of the industry that makes up this segment uses the central sector’s raw materials. In addition, the secondary includes consumer goods, essential goods, and extractive industries.

In short, it can say that the secondary sector is made up of factories dedicated to production in the following areas:

Automotive, naval, and aeronautics

Metallurgy and steel industry


food and drinks

Paper and pulp

Wood and furniture

Chemical and petrochemical


Civil construction

Electronic and computer tools

The list does not end here, and many other activities can also link with this sector.

Third Sector

The economy’s tertiary sector define as bringing together all activities related to companies and individuals’ services and trade. This section is much broader than the two described above and encompasses the most varied professionals, whether they are formal service providers or informal workers.

We can cite professors, researchers, lawyers, merchants, mechanics, travel and tourism agents, salespeople, assistants, drivers, waiters, telemarketing assistants, developers, entertainment and culture professionals, and many others who provide service to a direct consumer.

Management and all services connected to the public sphere, such as health, education, defense, and urban cleaning, are the most important in the tertiary sector. Furthermore, we cannot forget that tourism, finance, transport, and real estate belong to the third sector of the economy.

The tertiary sector is today the main financial segment regarding the economy on a global and national scale, taking into account detailed analysis of GDP and the workforce composition in various countries. The sector represents 63% of world GDP and employs approximately half of its workforce.


The business sector is the section into which society’s economic and productive activities divide. Although it is also known as the financial sector, it consists of three sectors: primary that involves agriculture, livestock, and extractives; secondary, referring to industry and civil construction; and tertiary, which includes commerce and the provision of services.

Also Read: What is a Real Estate Business? – How to Create, and More

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